The Salt Satyagraha started on March 12, 1930, with the undertaking of the Dandi Yatra (Dandi March). It was the next significant non-violent protest against the British, after the Non-Cooperation movement of 1920-22 and India's First War of Independence 1857.
The triggering factor for this movement was the British monopoly of salt trade in
The Dandi march was undertaken by Gandhiji and about 78 of his followers, starting from Sabarmati Ashram near Ahmedabad. The Satyagrahis set out on foot, for the coastal
The protestors arrived at the seashore on April 5. The following morning, on April 6, at 6:30 am, Gandhiji offered a prayer, raised some mud and salt, and declared, "With this, I am shaking the foundations of the
This symbolic act of salt making sparked the larger Civil Disobedience Movement across the nation. It had a significant impact on the British government and their attitudes towards Indians and
The British considered the Dandi March and the making of salt by Gandhiji as a breach of the salt laws. Consequently, he was arrested on the midnight of May 4, 1930. The Satyagraha against the salt tax continued for almost a year, in which over 80,000 Indians were jailed. The movement ended after almost a year with Gandhi's release from jail and negotiations with Viceroy Lord Irwin. While the movement did not result in any immediate concessions by the British, it marked a major milestone and turning point in
Gandhiji’s philosophy and the Dandi March had a significant influence on American Civil Rights activist, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and his fight for civil rights for blacks and other minority groups in the 1960s.